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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 131-138

Reduction of cardiometabolic risk factors with lifestyle intervention: Randomized controlled trial for efficacy among corporate workers


Department of Human Kinetics and Health Education, University of Lagos, Lagos, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Abiodun Bamidele Adelowo
Department of Human Kinetics and Health Education, University of Lagos, Lagos
Nigeria
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jdep.jdep_17_21

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Background: Cardiovascular diseases and Type 2 diabetes mellitus are two leading noncommunicable diseases globally. Mitigating their overlapping cardiometabolic risk factors have been identified as vital to the global effort to prevent and control these chronic diseases. Objective: The purpose of the study was to examine the efficacy of lifestyle education intervention on cardiometabolic risk factors. Subjects and Methods: A prospective, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, randomized trial was used to conduct a 12-week lifestyle educational intervention on 184 corporate workers. The collected data were analyzed with analysis of covariance at 0.05 alpha level. Results: The treatment significantly improved the mean difference (all P < 0.05) of the intervention groups' fruits and vegetable consumption (0.64, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.03–1.81), physical activity (0.38, 95% CI: 1.22–1.80), and attitude toward healthy living (22.3, 95% CI: 35.56–59.37). It also significantly reduced the mean difference of the participants' salt intake (0.39, 95% CI: 1.44–1.99), daily tobacco use (0.12, 95% CI: 1.70–1.96), alcohol consumption (0.31, 95% CI: 0.37–0.99), resting heart rate (−4.81 bpm, 95% CI: 77.89–84.65), systolic blood pressure (−5.52 mmHg, 95% CI: 117.9–127.61), diastolic blood pressure (−4.41 mmHg, 95% CI: 75.10–81.47), body mass index (−1.78, 95% CI: 24.58–27.65), waist circumference (−0.90 cm, 95% CI: 87.70–91.53), fasting blood glucose (−0.36 mmol/l, 95% CI: 4.84–5.48), total blood cholesterol (0.41 mmol/l, 95% CI: 4.41–5.19), and type 2 diabetes risk scores (−1.76, 95% CI: 5.25–8.86). Conclusion: Lifestyle education is an effective intervention program in reducing the prevalence of cardio-metabolic risk factors among corporate workers.


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